While most adults know the importance of oral hygiene, many individuals may be inconsistent in brushing and flossing daily.
As a result, bacteria can build up in the mouth and cause plaque and infection in gum tissue.
If the body is unable to fight off this infection, the patient may develop gum disease and require cosmetic gum surgery to repair the damaged tissue.
Causes of Gum Disease
A lack of brushing, flossing, and bi-annual dental cleanings can often lead to gum disease.
However, some patients may still experience this condition despite proper oral care if they are taking certain medication or have a chronic illness.
Types of Gum Surgery
There are four types of gum surgery that a periodontist may perform to correct gum disease.
- A pocket reduction or gingival flap surgery involves folding the gums back, removing the infected tissue, tooth scaling and root planing to target bacteria below the gum line, and then suturing the gum flap against the teeth.
- Regeneration requires a periodontist to fold back the gums, remove bacteria, and insert bone grafts, membranes, or tissue-stimulating proteins to facilitate the regrowth of gum tissue.
- Crown lengthening is often performed as treatment for gum disease or cosmetic reasons. During this type of gum surgery, the overgrowth of gum tissue is removed to make the teeth appear longer.
- A soft tissue graft repairs gum tissue that has receded or been removed due to gum disease. This treatment uses soft tissue from another part of the patient’s mouth to cover exposed root. It may also be performed for aesthetic purposes.
What to Expect from Gum Surgery
Gum surgery begins with the application of a local anesthetic and a teeth cleaning. Next, the periodontist will repair diseased gum tissue and remove bacteria.
Lastly, a dressing or periodontal pack will be placed over the treatment area, and a follow-up appointment may be necessary within seven-to-10 days to remove any sutures.
Most patients can manage any pain or discomfort after gum surgery with over the counter medication and ice. In some cases, prescription pain medication and antibiotics may be recommended and should be taken as directed.
For additional information on gum disease and gum surgery costs, please call Gentle Care Dentists today to schedule a consultation.