Soft tissue grafts are used when significant gum recession has occurred in a particular area. Changes in oral hygiene routine to better take care of your teeth and gums can usually fix slight gum recessions. However, when the gingiva recedes further, you are exposed to greater risk for infection and bacterial penetration. Receding gums can make you more sensitive to hot and cold foods. In the case that the gum recedes enough to expose the root, it can cause more serious problems as the root is softer than enamel, hence making it more vulnerable to bacteria and plaque.
Soft tissue grafts can be used to restore proper gum level and functionality. This procedure is very predictable and has a high success rate and can be performed by removing soft tissue from the roof of the mouth or repositioning healthy gum tissue from adjacent teeth. It is advised that this procedure is performed before more serious problems develop and periodontal surgery is needed.